White House amends plan to expand Pacif ic Marine Monument


HONOLULU—A plan announced in June to vastly expand the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument—and in turn prohibit commercial fishing therein—has been amended to better accommodate economically vital fishing industries for Hawaii and the U.S. Pacific Islands.

Following a West Wing meeting joining representatives of the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and the Hawaii longline fishing industry with Counselor to the President John Podesta and White House Council on Environmental Quality acting chair Mike Boots, and in the wake of public criticism and media attention, the White House announced yesterday a revised plan for the President’s expansion of the Marine Monument.

In the months since the June 17 announcement to expand the size of the Marine Monument tenfold, the Council; the governors of American Samoa, Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; the American Samoa and CNMI legislatures; U.S. longline and purse-seine fishermen; tuna cannery representatives; and marine science experts have expressed deep concerns regarding the shortcomings of the proposed expansion. According to those speaking out in opposition, the initial plan for expansion disregarded essential local fishing industries and provided negligible gains for conservation. The revised plan will expand the monument to include the 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones surrounding Johnston Atoll, Jarvis Island and Wake Island, but will not expand the existing 50-mile prohibitions on fishing around Howland and Baker Islands and Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef.

The Council expresses appreciation to President Barack Obama for considering the economic and cultural concerns of American citizens, particularly in Hawaii and American Samoa, who will be most affected by the expansion.

According to the Council, these revisions will allow U.S. fishermen to continue their operations within traditional fishing grounds under existing regulations in 35 percent of the U.S. exclusive economic zone around the U.S. Pacific Remote Islands, but will remove them completely in 65 percent of the U.S. EEZ around these islands. “Our U.S. Pacific Island fishermen already comply with the strictest regulations in the world,” said Kitty Simonds, Council executive director.

She added, “We appreciate the White House’s compromise on a monument expansion that could have devastated the region’s fisheries and communities without notable environmental benefits. We now look to see how this declaration will be achieved in practice, beyond paper and politics, and hope that the U.S. Coast Guard will use additional enforcement funds to patrol U.S. waters as a first priority.”

Still, fishing industry representatives have spoken publicly of their concerns for the lack of an environmental and public review process, proper representation and transparency in the decision-making affecting monument expansion.

According to the Council, regional experts and industry representatives were not consulted in advance of the initial announcement and only minimally during the process leading up to yesterday’s announcement.

Simonds remarked: “The U.S. Pacific Islands came together as a united regional voice on this issue and that speaks to the anxiety at the prospect of an immense expansion of a Presidential monument with little to no local consultation. All of the marine national monuments are in the U.S. Pacific Islands. We account for about 76 percent of the marine protected areas in the United States and virtually all of the nation’s no-take MPAs. Congress has curtailed further use of presidential monument proclamation authority in Alaska and Wyoming, and Congress should similarly bar further national marine monument proclamations in Hawaii and the U.S. territories of American Samoa, CNMI, Guam and the U.S. Pacific Remote Islands.”

Simonds said that the Council anticipates working with the National Marine Fisheries Service to develop, under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the revised fishing regulations for the expanded monument, as it has for the other marine national monuments.

The Western Pacific Fishery Management Council was established by Congress to manage fisheries in offshore waters around Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S. Pacific remote island areas. For more information, visit www.wpcouncil.org, email info.wpcouncil@noaa.gov, phone (808) 522-8220 or fax (808) 522-8226. (WPRFMC)

Jun Dayao Dayao
This post is published under the Contributing Author. He/she does not normally work for Saipan Tribune but contributes for a specific topic or series.

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